Brain Injury Awareness

There are different types of brain injury.

An acquired brain injury (ABI) is an injury caused to the brain since birth. There are many possible causes including, tumour, stroke, infections, and cerebral hypoxia (lack of oxygen to the brain), to name a few.

A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an injury to the brain caused by a trauma to the head (head injury). There are many possible causes, including road traffic accidents, assaults, falls and accidents at home or at work.

A neurological condition is any condition that affects the brain, spine and/or nerves. Neurological conditions can be caused by a variety of factors, including genes, the environment, bacterial or viral infections and traumatic injuries or accidents.

Doctors and researchers sometimes group neurological conditions into four categories:

Sudden onset conditions like stroke, traumatic brain injury, spinal injury, meningitis or Guillain-Barre Syndrome

Intermittent conditions like epilepsy, migraine or cavernoma

Progressive conditions like Parkinson’s disease, dementia, motor neurone disease or ataxia

Stable conditions with changing needs like Tourette’s syndrome, narcolepsy, fibromyalgia, transverse myelitis and cerebral palsy

Some of this information is from the NHS website as well as Headway, the brain injury association. You can find lots of helpful information on their site –  

Not a Scottish Borders resident but need support?
Check out Headway’s ‘Get support near you’ page.